On Field Notes
"Social science often asks us to observe people. We want to see what people do, and we also want to know what they think about what they are doing. Whether we observe them in the laboratory or in their “natural habitat”, we need to keep track of our observations. Memory just doesn’t do it. Social scientists have developed various ways of taking notes, many of which are useful. I have found the following four-column system to be very helpful, at least in part because it separates one’s actual observations from what one thinks about those observations. Doing so is crucial, if one is to figure out what is really going on."